water pollution can be defined as the contamination of water bodies by human activities, including runoff, leakage and disposal of contamination. The main sources of water pollution are industries, homeowners, ranch owners and farmers. Water pollution is mostly caused by the disposal of the industrial waste and chemical fertilizers present in domestic and agricultural water bodies.
Water pollution in Houston and Texas is a large issue that spans across the State. One source of water pollution in Houston is damaged septic systems. When a septic tank or drain field is damaged, it can allow for the spread of bacteria and other microorganisms. In the State of Texas, there are currently 150,000 septic systems in use. Another source of water pollution in Houston and Texas is from agricultural chemicals. A majority of the State is agricultural land. This land uses fertilizers as well as pesticides for the growth of crops. Both of these chemicals are harmful to the environment and when pollution is not contained, it can pollute the water sources.
Is Water Pollution A Global Problem?
Water pollution is a global problem which is faced by every nation in the world today. It is a major threat to the potable water resources and it is important to raise awareness among people about it. Water pollution is basically a form of water resource degradation which happens due to the presence of pollutants in water bodies. Water pollutants can be chemical pollutants, organic pollutants or pathogen pollutants. Water pollutants generate a negative impact on aquatic life and human health. The main sources of water pollution are industrial wastes, agricultural wastes, domestic sewage, storm water runoff, oil and gasoline, air pollutants and radioactive wastes. There are several other sources of water pollution such as litter, pet wastes, human waste and acid rain. Most of the water bodies in the world have turned into sewers as a result of water pollution.
The Houston Sewer Department Helps You Protect Your Health With The Wastewater Program.
Houston, TX Sewer Department has different programs which are performed by the department to make sure that the city stays clean, safe and healthy. These programs are geared to make sure that the city’s sewers do not overflow and that the process of waste management is performed properly.
The Top Most Polluted Water Sites In Texas
The most polluted lake in Texas is not Lake Texoma which is No 1. on the list but the second. The top most polluted lake in Texas is Jones Creek which is found in Dallas County. It has a high level of bacteria from a sewage plant. It has been cleaned up considerably and it’s safe to swim in it. The water of the lake is brownish in color and it has become a favorite spot for photographers. The lake is stocked by the Texas Parks and Wildlife and people can visit the lake and enjoy fishing.
Water Pollution Solutions.
The one of the major pollutants are non-biodegradable wastes in the form of sewage, pesticides and other chemical compounds disposed of in rivers, streams and seas. These pollutants require specialized and specific treatment to be removed from the water. Polluted water is treated by filtration process in which raw water passes through a filter to remove solid particles and other impurities. The filtered water is then treated by chemical or biological methods. The main pollution causing components in the raw water like suspended solids, sediments and other dissolved material can be removed by simple and common filtration process. In biological process, bacteria are used to treat the polluted wastewater. This is also known as activated sludge process. Chemical treatment is also commonly used for water pollution. Some of the chemicals used for water treatment are sodium hypochlorite and chlorine.